When teachers try to teach hundreds of children some information is much easier to explain through stories. Although some information can be classified in the myth section, each has a trace of truth. Here are 11 of the most famous myths and the truth behind them.
The chameleon changes color to camouflage
In popular culture, chameleons are considered lizards that can change their skin color to fit with the area they are in. Although the way they change color is extraordinary, they don’t use the ability to camouflage, but to maintain a certain body temperature. Another reason is communication with other chameleons, not escaping from predators.
Christopher Columbus didn’t discover America
The belief that Christopher Columbus has discovered America is widespread. In a 2005 survey conducted by the University of Michigan, Columbus discovered the continent by 85%, while only 2% responded correctly. Columbus could not discover America because the Indians were already in this region.
The first European to reach the American realm was Viking explorer Leif Erikson in 1,000 A.D. Columbus has remained a known figure in history because during his 1492 voyage he brought to America a disease that killed much of the Indian population.
You can feel certain tastes only on certain parts of the tongue
According to a widespread myth, certain areas of the language are for taste. The area behind the tongue is for bitter tastes and the front for sweet tastes.
It is true that some taste buds are more receptive to tastes, but the differences are minor, according to the University of Florida, the location of these taste buds is not in line with the “map of taste”.
Abraham Lincoln freed the slaves
The historical interpretation that Lincoln has released slaves from the United States of America is not entirely wrong. Lincoln fought during the Civil War against slavery, and the Proclamation of Emancipation and the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States were his tools to end slavery.
But there are no slaves in the center of the story, but Lincoln, omitting the details of the challenges the slaves have encountered even after the adoption of the amendment.
Isaac Newton has “discovered” gravity when an apple fell into his head
Newton’s legend about the discovery of gravity is false. Newton did not had any apple in his head, but it is true that he began to theorize the idea of gravity after seeing an apple falling from a tree.
The event is also depicted in Newton’s memoirs, saying that after dining he went outside with a friend.
Albert Einstein didn’t pass math and he was a terrible student
Einstein was an excellent student, especially in mathematics. The myth according to which he didn’t pass math may have its roots in the failure of the admission exam at the Politehnica in Zurich.
The diamonds are made of pressed coal
Both coal and diamonds are made up of carbon under the surface of the Earth, hence the myth. The carbon that forms the diamonds is much purer, the process requiring much more heat and pressure.
According to aviation laws, the bee can not fly
According to the myth, its wings are too small to support the weight of the body. But the bees manage to fly because they move their wings quickly.
The condemned witches in the United States were burned at the stake
Although the witches in France were burned, those in England were hanged. This English tradition was taken over by American colonies during the Salem witch trials.
Pluto is no longer considered a planet
The International Astronomical Union (IAU) has classified the celestial body as a planet in the first phase. In 2005, Eris was discovered, another celestial body that orbited the Sun. It was 27% bigger than Pluto, so the UAI reconsidered the criteria a celestial body had to meet to be considered a planet. Both celestial bodies have been named, according to criteria, dwarf planets.
The Great Wall of China is the only man-made structure that can be seen from space
“The only thing you can see from the moon is a sphere, mostly white with some blue and yellow faces and some green traces of vegetation,” said Alan Bean, an astronaut from Apollo 12.
From space, however, some structures may only be visible if weather conditions are favorable. In 2003, a Chinese astronaut said he could not see the Great Wall of China because weather conditions were not good. Astronauts from the International Space Station, on the other hand, said they had noticed the great pyramid from space.