Canada Day (French: Fête du Canada) is the nationwide day of Canada. A national statutory holiday, it celebrates the anniversary of the July 1, 1867, coming to force of this Constitution Act, 1867 (then called the British North America Act, 1867), which united the three different colonies of Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick into a single Dominion within the British Empire Named Canada. Canada Day celebrations occur throughout the nation, as well as in a variety of locations around the globe, attended Canadians living abroad.
Canada Day 2018: Fireworks in Ottawa
The yearly Canada Day reveals and activities in downtown Ottawa this extended weekend will culminate Sunday night at 10 p.m. with a 15-minute pyromusical fireworks series , established from Nepean Point over the Ottawa River.
(This is all weather permitting, of course. Organizers say they’re monitoring the blistering heat and humidity forecasted for July 1. )
If you are willing to brave the humidex of 47 to Receive your fireworks fix, some popular viewing spots downtown comprise:
Across the river from Gatineau, you can get a great view of the fireworks display from the yard behind the Canadian Museum of History (100 Laurier St.) and out of Jacques-Cartier Park (285 Laurier St.).
Don’t venture to the Supreme Court of Canada to see the fireworks. Normally a fantastic lookout, this year, organizers are using the court’s grounds as the principal entrance point for visitors wanting to join the festivities on Parliament Hill. Besides that, a spokesperson for Canadian Heritage confirmed the grounds and the pathway supporting the Supreme Court are off-limits and shut to the public.
If you’ll be heading downtown at any stage on Sunday, bear in mind many roads will be closed to vehicles throughout the day. The Department of Canadian Heritage has compiled a full list of closures, as well as an interactive Google map demonstrating specific road closures.
Some Principal closures to notice:
- All of Wellington Street is closed from 6 a.m. on July 1 to two a.m. on July 2
- The Alexandra and MacKenzie King bridges will be closed to vehicles in 6 a.m. forward (no pedestrians or cyclists on the Alexandra Bridge as of 9 p.m.)
- Sussex Drive (in Boteler Street to Rideau Street) is closed from 6 a.m. to 2 a.m.
- The grid of downtown extending from Wellington Street to Laurier Avenue, and Elgin Street to Lyon Street is closed from 6 a.m. to 2 a.m. (although Laurier will stay open during the day)
- The Laurier Avenue Bridge is closed in 9 p.m. to 1 liter
- Roads west and including Lyon Street are closed from 6 p.m. to two a.m.
- The stretch of the Trans Canada Trail (Ottawa River Pathway) from Library and Archives Canada into the Rideau Canal Locks is also closed to pedestrians and cyclists out of 3 Gamble on July 1 to two a.m. on July 2.
If you are looking to avoid the crowds in the downtown core this weekend, a number of other communities in the Ottawa area will be hosting Canada Day occasions and fireworks displays. All times for fireworks listed below are for Sunday, July 1.
Barrhaven: Schedule of events here.
- Carleton Place: Schedule of occasions here. Fireworks begin at 9:45 p.m. at Riverside Park, 175 John St.
- Clarence-Rockland: Schedule of events here. Fireworks start at 10 p.m. at Parc du Moulin, in the conclusion of Edwards Street towards the Ottawa River.
- Dunrobin: Fireworks at sunset in the Dunrobin Community Centre, 1151 Thomas A. Dolan Parkway.
- Fireworks start at 10 p.m in the Greely Community Centre, 1448 Meadow Dr.
- Schedule of events here.
- Merrickville-Wolford Village: Schedule of occasions here. Fireworks start at 10 p.m. at the Fairground, 446 Main St. West.
- Munster: Event details here. Fireworks at dusk at Dogwood Park, 2890 Munster Rd..
- Orléans: Schedule of events here. Fireworks start at 10 p.m. on Petrie Island.
- Osgoode Village: Schedule of occasions here. Fireworks begin at 10 p.m. at the Osgoode Community Centre, 5662 Main St.
- Riverside South: Program of occasions here.
- Russell: Program of events here. Fireworks at dusk (between 9:30 and 10 p.m.) at the Russell High School grounds, 982 N. Russell Rd..
- Stittsville: Program of events here. Fireworks begin at 9:45 p.m. at the Holy Heart High School grounds, 5870 Abbott St. East.
- Vars: Fireworks start at 10 p.m. at Park Alcide Trudeau, 5715 Rockland St.
Editor’s note: A previous version of the story cited the Ottawa River Pathway as a viewing spot for the Canada Day fireworks downtown. The pathway, from Library and Archives Canada into the Rideau Canal Locks, is in fact closed to the public all of Sunday.
Happy Canada Day Wishes
Canada Day Traditions
Summer could formally begin June 21, but for most, Canada’s birthday heralds the official kickoff of the year. And everybody celebrates a bit differently, from fireworks to decadent desserts as well as duck races. We asked you regarding your Canada Day customs, and below are a few of your favorites.
For a number of individuals, such as Trudy G., and Bill C., a large town-wide parade is where it is at. And since Canada celebrates its huge 150th this season, a few of the parties are being supersized. “The city of Trochu, Alta. Bill states.
Celebrates using a slightly different fashion of parade. Not many Canadians join the parade parties on land. Small-town waterways throughout the nation get in on the fun.
Many tiny cities take their parades into the water, such as this one in Port Dover, Ont. (through Pat MacLeod Mummery)
Lynn G.’s city of Fireplace City, Ont. Hosts a ship parade throughout its winding canal program. “This season we are hopefully starting a birch bark canoe in B.C. together with my daddy!
View Marcel Labelle instruct Jonny Harris why it is crucial that you kiss a kayak”
Some, such as Shelley F., and Katie J., favor more straightforward parties such as seeing fireworks displays and with little outdoor parties. Do not presume all these events are occurring someplace warm, however — Katie of Port Elgin Ontario laments the chilly she must put up by”wearing winter jackets to see the fireworks on the shore… I wish I was kidding.”
For Denise C-B., of Newfoundland, Canada Day means becoming creative with her culinary efforts:”We’ve got a road party and I’m responsible for dessert that constantly needs to be white and red to symbolize our flag”
Among Denise’s home made Canadian flag-inspired desserts. (through Denise Cooke-Browne)
Easier still is Garry M.’s favorite Canada Day tradition. He states,”I play with O Canada in a large volume on the CD player to begin my day and make a record of why I’m thankful to be alive in this fantastic nation.” An option for revellers who want to have more activity in their own day? A little friendly rivalry.
Some cities’ aggressive traditions have Scottish tradition. Cathy S., states,”Embro, Ontario gets the oldest Highland Games [in Canada] on July 1st! It’s our 80th year!”
Pender Island, B.C., requires its race into the water, based on Diane C., using an Yearly Cardboard Kayak Race & Chili Cookoff. Seems like a winning combination, but it is probably best to conserve the chili for afterwards so your boat does not sink like a rock.
The Yearly Cardboard Kayak Race at Pender Island, B.C. (through Diane Cuthbert)
Mara G.’s hometown celebrates by rushing across a fur trade course:
“At Rocky Mountain House, Alberta, there’s been a convention of kayak races to commemorate the voyageurs. This year, the race is to La Pas, Manitoba, starting at 9 a.m. on Canada Day in Rocky Mountain House.”
And who could forget the… snowball races? This type of duck!
Yes, many smaller cities race rubber duckies within their regional body of water on Canada Day. Jodie E-A., notes the Ducky 500, hosted at the Comox Valley at B.C. Janique L. constantly strives to attend the duck race Chapleau, Ont., together with her Loved Ones, and Janet L. states Elora, Ont. Holds one yearly too.
However you decide to celebrate Canada’s 151st this season, the Still Standing staff wishes you a happy Canada Day!
Why do Canadians Celebrate the Canada Day?
Although Canada existed prior to 1867, within both the French and British empires, Canada Day is often informally known as”Canada’s birthday”, particularly in the popular press. However, the term “birthday” can be seen as an oversimplification, as Canada Day is the anniversary of only one major national milestone on the way into the nation’s full independence, namely the joining on July 1, 1867, of the colonies of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick to a broader British federation of four provinces (the colony of Canada being divided into the provinces of Ontario and Quebec upon Confederation). Canada turned into a”realm in its own right” inside the British Empire named the Dominion of Canada.
Although a British colony, Canada gained an increased level of political control and governance over its own affairs, the British parliament and Cabinet maintaining political control over certain areas, including foreign affairs, national defence, and constitutional changes. Canada gradually gained increasing independence through time, notably with the passing of this Statute of Westminster at 1931, until finally becoming entirely independent with the departure of the 1982 Constitution Act which served to completely patriate the Canadian constitution.
Under the federal Holidays Act, Canada Day is observed on July 1, unless that date falls upon a Sunday, in which case July 2 is the statutory holiday. Celebratory events will normally still take place on July 1, though it is not the legal holiday. If it falls on a Saturday, some companies normally closed that day will usually dedicate the following Monday (July 3) as a day away.
Canada Day 2018 Activites
Most communities across the nation will sponsor coordinated parties for Canada Day, typically outside public events, such as parades, carnivals, festivals, barbecues, marine and air displays, fireworks, and free musical festivals, as well as citizenship ceremonies. There is no standard mode of party for Canada Day; Jennifer Welsh, a professor of International Relations at the University of Oxford, stated concerning this:”Canada Day, like the country, is endlessly decentralized. There doesn’t appear to be a central recipe for how to celebrate itchalk this up into the nature of this federation.” However, the locus of these parties is the federal funding, Ottawa, Ontario, where large concerts and cultural displays are held on Parliament Hill, together with the governor generaland prime minister generally officiating, although that the monarch or a different member of this Royal Family may also attend or accept the governor general’s place. Smaller events are mounted in other parks around town and in neighbouring Gatineau, Quebec.
Given the federal nature of the anniversary, celebrating Canada Day could be a cause of friction in the state of Quebec, in which the holiday is overshadowed by Quebec’s National Holiday, on June 24. By way of instance, the federal government funds Canada Day events at the Old Port of Montreal–a place run with a federal Crown corporation–while the National Holiday parade is a grassroots effort that’s been met with pressure to cease, even from federal officials. The character of the event has also been met with criticism outside Quebec, like that given by Ottawa Citizen columnist David Warren, who said in 2007:”The Canada of the government-funded paper flag-waving and painted faces–that the’new’ Canada which is celebrated each year on what’s currently called’Canada Day’–has nothing controversially Canadian about it. You could wave a different flag, and pick another face paint, and nothing would be missing.”
Canada Day also coincides with Quebec’s Transferring Day, when lots of fixed-lease apartment lease terms expire. The bill shifting the state’s moving day from May 1 to July 1 was introduced by a federalist member of the Quebec National Assembly, Jérôme Choquette, in 1973, so not to influence children still in college at the month of May.
Canada Day History
The enactment of the British North America Act, 1867 (now known as the Constitution Act, 1867), which confederated Canada, has been celebrated on July 1, 1867, with the ringing of their bells in the Cathedral Church of St. James in Toronto and also”bonfires, fireworks and illuminations, trips, military displays and musical and other entertainments”, as described in contemporary accounts. On June 20 of the following year, Governor General that the Viscount Monck issued a royal proclamation requesting for Canadians to celebrate the anniversary of Confederation, However, the vacation was not established statutorily until May 15, 1879, when it was designated as Dominion Day, alluding to the mention in the British North America Act into the country as a dominion. The holiday was initially not dominant at the national calendar; any parties were mounted by local communities and also the Senate general hosted a celebration at Rideau Hall. No bigger parties were held before 1917 and then none for a further decade–the golden and diamond anniversaries of Confederation, respectively.
In 1946, Philéas Côté, a Quebec member of the House of Commons, introduced a private member’s bill to rename Dominion Day as Canada Day. The bill was passed immediately from the lower chamber, but was postponed by the Senate, which returned it to the commons with the recommendation that the holiday be renamed The National Holiday of Canada, an amendment which effectively killed the bill.
Starting in 1958, the Canadian government started to orchestrate Dominion Day celebrations. That year, then Prime Minister John Diefenbaker requested that Secretary of State Ellen Fairclough put together appropriate events, with a budget of $14,000. Parliament was traditionally in session on July 1, but Fairclough persuaded Diefenbaker and the rest of the national Cabinet to attend. Fairclough, who became Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, afterwards expanded the bills to include acting folk and ethnic groups. The day also became more casual and family oriented. Canada’s centennial in 1967 is often seen as a significant milestone in the history of Canadian nationalism and in Canada’s maturing as a different, independent country, after which Dominion Day became popular with average Canadians. Into the late 1960s, nationally , multi-cultural concerts held in Ottawa were inserted along with the fête became known as Festival Canada. After 1980, the Canadian government started to market celebrating Dominion Day beyond the national capital, giving grants and aid to cities across the country to help fund local activities.
Canada Day fireworks in Barrie, Ontario, 2003
Some Canadians were, from the early 1980s, reluctantly referring to the vacation because Canada Day, a practice that caused some controversy: Proponents contended that the name Dominion Day was a holdover from the early era, an argument given some impetus from the patriation of this Canadian ministry in 1982, along with others asserted that another was needed since the expression doesn’t translate well into French. Conversely, a lot of journalists, politicians, and writers, for example Robertson Davies, decried the shift in the time and a few continue to assert that it was fictitious and an unnecessary break with tradition. Others claimed Dominion was widely misunderstood and conservatively inclined commenters saw the change as part of a much bigger effort by Liberals into”re-brand” or re-define Canadian history.
The vacation was formally renamed as a result of a private member’s bill which was passed through the House of Commons on July 9, 1982, two years after its initial studying . Only 12 Members of Parliament were present when the bill has been taken up again, eight fewer than the necessary quorumnonetheless, according to parliamentary rules, the quorum is enforceable only at the onset of a sitting or when a member calls attention to it. The group passed the bill at five minutes, with no discussion, inspiring”grumblings about the underhandedness of the process”. It met with more powerful resistance in the Senate. Ernest Manning argued that the rationale for the shift was based on a misperception of this name and George McIlraith did not agree with the way the bill was passed, urging the authorities to proceed at a more”dignified way”. However, the Senate did eventually pass the bill, no matter.
Since then, lobby politicians and groups have occasionally campaigned to have it returned into Dominion Day. In 1996, Reform Party of Canada MP Stephen Harper introduced a private member’s bill to reinstate the name. It was defeated. In 2012, Conservative MP Brad Trost made a speech at the House of Commons advocating for the reinstatement of this Dominion Day name.
As the anniversary of Confederation, Dominion Day, and afterwards Canada Day, was the date set for any number of significant events, such as the very first national radio network hookup from the Canadian National Railway (1927); the inauguration of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation’s cross-country tv broadcast, with Governor General Vincent Massey’s Dominion Day address from Parliament Hill (1958); the flood of this Saint Lawrence Seaway (1958); the very first colour television transmission in Canada (1966); the inauguration of this Order of Canada (1967); and the establishment of”O Canada” as the nation’s national anthem (1980). Other events fell on Precisely the Same day , like the first day of the Battle of the Somme in 1916–soon and Newfoundland recognized July 1 as Memorial Day to commemorate the Newfoundland Regiment’s heavy losses during the battle–and the enactment of the Chinese Immigration Act in 1923–major Chinese-Canadians to refer to July 1 since Humiliation Day and boycott Dominion Day parties until the action was repealed in 1947.
The TechnoStalls Team wishes everyone a “Happy Canada Day 2018” May this year brings more peace into your lives and helps the country prosper!