The Paris Climate Agreement has been adopted by 196 countries in the 21st Conference of the Parties of UNFCC on the 12th of December 2015. This agreement deals with greenhouse gas emissions and it was signed on the 22nd of April 2016.
The main purpose of the Paris Agreement was to hold the temperature increase below 2 degrees Celsius and recent research shows that is highly unlikely.
A new study gives the Paris Agreement 5 % chance of success
The study published in the journal Nature Climate Change found that the ambitions of the Paris Agreement of reaching the 1.5 degrees Celsius level have only 1% chance of becoming a reality.
Adrian Raftery, one of the researchers from the University of Washington, declared that reaching the 2 degrees Celsius limit is difficult to achieve because there is little time left. We must move fast if we must to reach this goal.
Climate Central presents more details of the study
Further details published in the magazine show that it is more than 90% likely for the temperatures to rise between 2-4.9 degrees Celsius by the end of the year 2100. The worst case scenario is presented by the UN (UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) and that is a rise of 6 degrees Celsius.
The study analyzed past data of carbon intensity and carbon dioxide emissions and others factors which resulted in this green future. Even if China and India reduce their energy consumption it would still not be enough, especially since the world’s population will probably grow to 11 billion people by 2100.
To combat this grim future solar, wind, water energies and other types of natural resources are being explored in order to avoid temperature rises.